Synonyms: Alkylsulfate; alkyl sulphate; alkylsulphate; organosulfate.
Alkyl sulfates are a widely used class of surfactants, added to liquid soaps, surface cleaners, laundry detergents, shampoos, and conditioners. They can also be found in other household products such as toothpastes, antacids, cosmetics, and foods.
Allergen: Not available.
Acute Toxicity: Causes eye and skin irritation. May be harmful if swallowed. The alkyl sulfate with highest potential for irritation is sodium lauryl sulfate with the threshold before irritation at a concentration of 20%. Surfactants in consumer products are typically mixed reducing likelihood of irritation.
Sensitizer: Not found to be a skin sensitizer in animals.
Carcinogenicity: Not found to be carcinogenic.
Neurotoxicity: Not available.
Reproductive Toxicity: Not found to be a reproductive toxin.
Immunotoxicity: Not available.
Environmental Hazard: Alkyl sulfates are readily biodegradable, however depending on the type of alkyl sulfate molecule acute toxicity ranges from very toxic to not harmful. Invertebrates have been identified as the most sensitive organisms to alkyl sulfates.